# How to Create a Golden, Vector Compass in Illustrator

##### Tutorial Details
• Program: Illustrator
• Difficulty: Intermediate
• Completion Time: 1-2 hours

### Final Product What You'll Be Creating

This entry is part 7 of 20 in the Icon Design Session
« PreviousNext »

In this tutorial I will take you through the steps and techniques of creating a golden compass. For this tutorial I’ve used just Adobe Illustrator and a heavy dose of ingenuity. Let’s get stared!

Republished Tutorial

Every few weeks, we revisit some of our reader's favorite posts from throughout the history of the site. This tutorial was first published in September of 2009.

Want access to the full Vector Source files and downloadable copies of every tutorial, including this one? Join Vector Plus for just 9\$ a month.

## Step 1

Create a circle (width 367px) with fill color and no stroke by using the Ellipse Tool (M). Make sure to press Shift while you create it so you get a perfect circle and apply a radial gradient, as shown in below.

## Step 2

Let’s start with the markings. Create a rectangle (L) at a width of 0.688 and height of 13.044 – towards the upper side of the circle and replicate it towards the lower side (hold the Alt + Shift while you select and drag the upper one downwards).

## Step 3

Select the rectangles using the Selection Tool (V). Group them together and align the two of them and the circle both horizontally and vertically on the center.

## Step 4

Select the rectangles (V) and rotate them using the Rotate Tool (Right-click > Transform > Rotate) by 1 degree and click copy in the Rotate Tool Dialog Box.

## Step 5

Now press Command + D to repeat the rotate copy, and repeat until you get to complete a circle made of small markers, as shown below.

## Step 6

Select the middle rectangle from the top using the Selection Tool and enlarge its size downwards so this one stands out. You do this by dragging downwards with the Selection Tool (V) while you press the Shift key.

## Step 7

While this marker is selected, copy and drag it downwards. Make sure you press both Alt + Shift while you drag it so it will be centered with the upper one. Once you’ve reached the bottom group them together (Command + G).

## Step 8

Rotate the group by an increment of 20 degrees (Right-click > Transform > Rotate) and press copy in the Dialog Box.

## Step 9

Duplicate the action in Step 8 until you covered all the circle by using Command + D.

## Step 10

Now that we have the markers for the 20 increments, we’ll need the ones for the 10 increments. Select the center marker with the Selection Tool (V), copy and paste in front (Command + C and Command + F), then drag it from the bottom upwards by holding the Shift key so that the size is in between the small and big markers.

## Step 11

Select the new marker with the Selection Tool and copy it downwards by dragging it while holding Alt + Shift.

## Step 12

Group both of them (Command + G) and rotate by 10 degrees (Right-click > Transform > Rotate). This time in the Rotate Panel click OO.

## Step 13

Select the rotated one group and rotate it again with 20 degrees, like in step 12 but this time press Copy in the Rotate Panel. Repeat (Command + D) until you get a full circle.

## Step 14

Prepare for the text by drawing a circle inside using the Ellipse Tool (L) inside the big one and center align it with the rest

## Step 15

While keeping the circle selected use the Type on a Path Tool to write the numbers on the circle that you’ve just created.

## Step 16

Continue to create these numbers in increments of 20 until you are finished.

## Step 17

Create a star with four corners by using the Star Tool. Play around with the arrows and Command while you draw it. The one I drew is 225,887px wide.

## Step 18

Now that we have a start we need to color each corner in two so we’ll have to divide it on the middle:

1. Draw an empty line using the Line Segment Tool (\) that is longer than the vertical of the star.
2. Copy the line and Paste in Front (Command + C and Command + F) and rotate the new one by 45 degrees using Selection Tool (V), while holding the Shift key.
3. Repeat step 1 and 2 until you have four lines.
4. Select the lines and the star and center align them both horizontal and vertical.
5. With the lines and the star selected In the Pathfinder Panel (Shift + Command + F9) press divide.

## Step 19

1. Color the sections of the star using the Direct Selection Tool and the colors of your choice.
2. Copy and Paste in Front (Command + C and Command + F) the colored star and rotate it 45 degrees using the Selection Tool (V) while holding the Shift Key.
3. Make the new star smaller using the Selection Key (V) and Shift + Alt.

## Step 20

Delete three sides of the smaller star and leave just one. Select the two anchor points you see in the above image using the Direct Selection Tool (A). Then use the Selection Tool (V) to drag the upper-right while holding the Shift key until they intersect the bigger star.

## Step 21

1. Select the remaining part of the small star using the Selection Tool (V), press R and drag towards the middle of the big star while holding down the Alt key.
2. Once you do that enter 90 in the Rotate Dialog Box and press Copy.
3. Repeat (Command + D) until you get a full star again.

## Step 22

Using the Text Tool (T) enter all the text (“N,” “E,” “S,” “W,” etc…)

## Step 23

Now that we’ve created the direction markers we need to create the mobile part of the compass. Enter the group containing the big star, copy the horizontal segment (Command + C), and paste it (Command + V). Now Select the upper two anchor points using the Direct Selection Tool (A), then Right-click > Average > Both.

## Step 24

Add some color to the segment to make it stand out. I’ve added the colors, as shown below.

## Step 25

Using the Ellipse Tool (L) while you hold the Shift key you add two concentric circles to the center part of the mobile segment. In the image below you can see the colors I’ve used for the radial gradients, but you can also access the source files available for all Vector Plus Members.

## Step 26

Group (Command + G) all the elements drawn up to now together.

## Step 27

Let’s create the golden frame of the compass. Create four circles using the Ellipse Tool (L) while you hold the Shift key. Start with creating the widest and finish with the smallest. I’ve created mine with the following widths:469px, 460px, 449px, and 393px.

## Step 28

Now let’s add some gradients and group the circles together. The swatches I’ve used are available for the Vector Plus Members in the original format.

## Step 29

Select both the golden part and the other and arrange them using the Selection Tool (V) until you get a similar illustration to that shown below.

## Step 30

Lets add a shadow to the compass:

1. Create a white circle using the Ellipse Tool (L).
2. Use the Mesh Tool (U) to add 4 mesh points.
3. Use the Direction Selection Tool (A) to select the mesh points and then add the color: #4d4d4d to the center mesh point and #f2f2f2 to the outer mesh points.
4. After you are satisfied with the colors, select the circle using the Selection Tool (V) and transform it into an ellipse as shown.

## Conclusion

Finally add the ellipse under the compass and position it so you can emulate a light source that created a shadow. Here is the image I’ve obtained.

Subscribe to the Vectortuts+ RSS Feed to stay up to date with the latest vector tutorials and articles.

• http://web4diz.ru web4diz

Excellent work! Very nice, thanks!!! +5

• tarek

great tutorial, keep doing like that work, by the way ,i’m an illustrator novice so how could i learn it from scratch plz

• http://forbrush.ru/ aserte

Amazing work! Thank you! I LOve your blog :)

• Echi

Hey, nice tutorial. But your step 11 is wrong. Have a look at it. It doesn’t explain it correctly.

• Jodie

Echi, Step 11 IS correct and explains it perfectly! Read it again and follow what is written.

• jack

i am having trouble on step 20 i cant select the anchor points

• auredoro

Same here!
That’s too bad beceause it’s a really great tut!

• jack

an ok tut not very well explained at ruined at the end by the a lack of information on the gold ring

• hek

Where I can take a vector ready file of this tutorial?

• student

Great tutorial! This really helped me. Keep up the good!

• bemnet

u are crazy man real crazy thank x but about the step 28 help

• Maria

thank you!
here´s mine
not as gorgeous as yours but I tried http://twitpic.com/2d9j5h

• Cryastal

Well I couldn’t figure out 20 which led to 21 so that is where I stopped. You obviously use a MAC, I don’t so I had to figure out how to do some things you were doing and what you had in 20 only half made sense. If you could help with a better explanation I would appreciate it. Also maybe do some things on PC…MAC isn’t the only form of technology. Other than that, everything was awesome! :) Keep it coming!

• http://allnighterdesigner.com playfair

thank you so much for posting this tutorial, I am making a logo for a up and coming church in the raleigh area and the client wanted a nice professional looking gold trim with a the cross the same way as the trim and this tutorial really made that a reality and also taught me alot. Thanks and keep up the great work.

• maria

Hi, excellent tutorial!!!
Could you help me to finish it, because I’m stuck in step 20?
Thank you very much for share it.
Best regards, Maria

• Joe

This is my first and last time reading tutorial on this site. It took me 20 to 30 minutes reading the article cheerfully to find out the author is out there to sell subscription. At least you had to provide the file to download. The most important step which was implementing the golden color is denied from readers. I learned one lesson and that is, not to read tutorials on this cheap site.

• http://bucketothought.com/loungekat/blog/ LoungeKat

Nothing is denied from readers on this tutorial, all the information you will have in the download is included in the article, only the source file is different for the subscribers.

• Close

Some of the gradients ARE missing Ka.

Also had trouble with step 20, had to do it my own way, to make the shape look the same.

Other than that, good tut.

• http://quillentries.com Jennie Alice Lillard

Great tutorial. This was my first step-by-step playing with illustrator to create something, and though it took me a while, my end result looked just like the demo. Thanks and keep up the great work.

• http://bucketothought.com/loungekat/blog/ LoungeKat

That’s great :)

• Marion Weeks

We love your gorgeous compass. Our high school on Cape Cod has a nautical theme and we would like to include your compass on the banner for a WordPress publication for Sturgis Charter Public School in Hyannis, MA. How should we go about requesting permission? We will certainly give you credit. Please tell me how to go about it.

Many Thanks-
Marion

• http://bucketothought.com/loungekat/blog/ LoungeKat

Hi Marion,
Here’s the usage terms, “The tutorials (text/images) on Vectortuts+ are the copyright of their respective authors. You may use the effects demonstrated in these tutorials in your own work – commercial or non-commercial – provided you are not redistributing or reselling the tutorial / associated files themselves. You may use the effect without attribution.”

you can also take a look at http://graphicriver.net/ for stock vector images if you don’t have the time to make the tutorial.

• noli2393

Thank you so much!!!! From Argentina, Noelia

• Tahir Əsədov

Great tutorial.

• Rob

hey can someone please talk about why step 20 does not work? i tried this so many different ways and have not been able to make it work. I find it funny that staff on here comments back about dumb stuff instead of answering an apparently broken part of this tutorial… disappointed because i was thinking about getting a membership to this site but wanted to try it out first and now I’m thinking otherwise…

• http://apps400.com Kumar

Very good tutorial. I have done few icons on Photoshop, but looking to try on AI
http://graphicriver.net/item/app-icon-designer-kit/2679772?ref=apps400

• http://no Hafeez Gabrani

What a amazing tutorial…..great work keep it up….

• http://someone.someone.com Andy

Thank you for this tutorial! As a relative beginner I was able to follow it well and finished with a very nice compass – nice and simple – thanks again!

• Ched Cheatham

Good Stuff

• rinmi

superb