# How to Create Vector Spirograph Designs

I’ve been fascinated by Spirograph designs since I was a kid. I love the cool symmetrical way they look. I know there’s programs out there that can draw Spirograph designs automatically, but that just isn’t as fun as making them by hand.

When I started learning Illustrator, I struggled to make the loops manually and the results were far from perfect. I knew Illustrator must have a better way to do it, and eventually I found it! That’s what it’s all about, just learning to use the tools so that your ideas can be set free.

### Final Image Preview

Below is the final design we will be working towards. Want access to the full Vector Source files and downloadable copies of every tutorial, including this one? Join VECTORTUTS PLUS for just \$19/month.

### Before Beginning

Go to Edit – Preferences – General and make sure Scale Strokes and Effects is unchecked. If you don’t, the stroke size might change when you use Transform Each. If this happens, just select all the shapes and change their Stroke width to 1 pt.

Note: The skill level of this tutorial is Easy. If you’re unsure though, it’s better to do the designs in order, because I explain things a bit less as we get further on.

## Design 1

### Step 1

With a 1 pt green stroke, make an Ellipse 150 pixels by 25 pixels.

### Step 2

Object > Transform > Transform Each, with Angle set to 30°. Click Copy (not OK).

### Step 3

Got to Object > Transform > Transform Again (or Command + D) four times to make the other copies. Then select all of the green ellipses and click Object > Group.

### Step 4

Now with a 1 pt blue stroke make an eight sided Star with an inner radius of 50 px and an outer radius of 75 px.

### Step 5

Using the Direct Selection Tool, select half of the anchor points. Use the Control Panel above to convert the anchor points to smooth. Then select the other half and convert them to smooth.

Note: an Illustrator oddity is that if you select all of the anchor points of an object, the Control Panel goes away. The Help file says: "To use the anchor point conversion options in the Control panel, only relevant anchor points, not the entire object, should be selected. If you select multiple objects, one of the objects must be only partially selected. When entire objects are selected, the Control panel options change to those that affect the entire object."

### Step 6

Use the Direct Selection Tool to select one of the outside anchor points. It might be a good idea to drag a box over the anchor point’s location like this, rather than clicking it, to be sure you select the whole anchor point instead of one of its handles.

Grab the Rotate tool (R), then make the angle 180° and click OK.

### Step 7

Repeat this for each one of the outside anchor points individually. This can be done quickly if you leave the Rotate tool selected, hold Command to temporarily use the Direct Selection Tool to select the next anchor point, then hit enter to bring up the Rotate dialog box. Hit enter again to use the same values.

### Step 8

Now select all the inner anchor points. You can get them all at once by drawing a rectangle just so. Use the Scale tool to move them all a little outwards, which make the inside curves more rounded.

### Step 9

Then select one anchor point. Use the Scale Tool in the toolbox to enlarge it by 150%.

### Step 10

Repeat with all of the anchor points in the shape, inside and outside, one after another. Again, it won’t take long if you leave the Scale tool selected, hold Command and select the anchor point, and then hit enter twice. When you’re done it should look like this.

### Step 11

Select the whole object and use Object > Transform > Transform Each at 95% scale and -5% rotate.
Click Copy.

### Step 12

Hit Command + D twice to make two more copies. Then select all four shapes and Group them.

### Step 13

Select both groups and click Horizontal Align Center in the Control Panel (or the Align Panel), then Vertical Align Center as well.

## Design 2

### Step 1

With a 1 pt aqua stroke, make a square 100 px wide.

### Step 2

With the square selected, click Effect > Distort & Transform > Pucker & Bloat and make the effect 100%.

### Step 3

Go to Object > Expand Appearance. Then Object > Transform > Transform Each at 90% scale and -10% Rotation.

### Step 4

Command + D to make more copies. Then select them all and click Object > Group.

### Step 5

With a 1 pt red Stroke, make an ellipse 150 px by 25 px. Got to Object > Transform > Transform Each at 95% Scale and -8% Rotate.

### Step 6

Make several copies. Select all the red ovals, and Object > Group. Then Rotate the whole group 45°.

### Step 7

Select both groups and click Horizontal Align Center and then Vertical Align Center.

## Design 3

### Step 1

Use the Star tool to make a 7-point star with an outer radius of 75px. This will be a guide so the color doesn’t matter.

### Step 2

I flipped mine so it points up, using Object > Transform > Reflect. Then go to Object > Lock > Selection to keep the guide star from moving. Set the stroke to 1 pt blue. Now, use the Pen tool to trace a 7-pointed star shape by clicking from one point to another as shown.

### Step 3

Got to Object > Unlock All, and delete the guide star. Use the Direct Selection Tool to select the anchors (half at a time, as we did in Design 1) and convert them to smooth.

### Step 4

Make a copy of the shape. Select one anchor point of the second star, and Scale it down to 50%. Repeat with all the anchor points.

### Step 5

Make a copy of the second star. Now there are three stars. On the third star, select one of the anchor points and use the Rotate tool to spin it 180°. Repeat this for all the anchor points.

### Step 6

Select all three stars and align their horizontal and vertical centers.

### Final!

Change colors on two of the shapes, and to make it look more like an authentic Spirograph, scale the largest star down 90%.

## Design 4

### Step 1

Make an orange Square 100 px wide. Convert the anchor points to smooth.

### Step 2

Rotate each individual anchor point 180°.

### Step 3

Select the whole object, use Object > Transform > Rotate 10° and make eight copies.

### Step 4

Now select one of the shapes, Copy and then Paste in Front, and change its Stroke color to blue. With that shape still selected, Object > Transform > Transform Each at Scale 90% and Rotate -5°. Click Copy.

### Step 5

Use Command + D to make several copies.

## Design 5

### Step 1

Make a Star shape with eight points and an outer radius of 75 px. This star is going to be a guide. Use Object > Lock > Selection to keep it from moving.

### Step 2

Using the Pen tool with a 1 pt red Stroke, trace from point to point as shown below.

### Step 3

Go to Object > Unlock All and then delete the guide star.

### Step 4

Half at a time, convert the anchor points to smooth.

### Step 5

And one at a time, rotate them…

When they’re all rotated it looks like the image below.

### Step 6

Using a 1 pt magenta Stroke, make a 4 pointed Star shape with outer radius of 75px.

### Step 7

Convert the anchor points to smooth. One at a time, rotate the four corner anchor points 180°.

### Step 8

Select the other four anchor points in the middle. Remove them using Object > Path > Remove Anchor Points. Copy the shape three times, Rotated at 22.5°.

### Step 9

Group the shapes, then select them along with the previous shape. Align vertically and horizontally.

## Design 6

### Step 1

With a 1 pt magenta Stroke, make a 100 px Circle.

### Step 2

Apply the Pucker & Bloat Effect at 140%.

### Step 3

Transform Each at 85% scale, -18° Rotation and click Copy. Then use Command + D to make three more copies.

### Step 4

Select the third largest copy, and go to Edit > Copy and then Edit > Paste in Front.

### Step 5

Change the Stroke to dark green, then Rotate by 36°.

### Step 6

In the Appearance Panel, double-click the Pucker and Bloat effect to edit it. Change the amount to 100%.

### Final!

Now Transform Each at the previous settings as shown.

## Variations

By now you can pretty much duplicate anything from the an Spirograph booklet.

Here’s the green oval from Design 1, rotated and copied at a 5° angle, combined with a purple Ellipse 90 px by 60 px, rotated at a 20° angle.

This is the red Star from Design 3, its color changed to blue, with copies rotated -10° and scaled to 90%, combined with a 135px by 85px light blue Ellipse with copies rotated at 15 °.

This is the blue shape from Design 1, scaled down 90%, and the red shape from Design 5, copied and rotated 60°.

Here’s two shapes from Design 3, the narrow one rotated -10° and scaled 90%, and the rounded one scaled down 80% then a copy at 80%.

## Conclusion

Have fun! If you make something really cool with this, I would love to see what it looks like! Thanks!

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• David

This is a freakin’ great tutorial! AWESOME! Thank you very much.

• http://tsfgf Journey

Wowwie wow wow! :D WEEEEE!

• http://superlumi.nl Jeremy

I can imagine that you can do a whole lot more with this technique…

• nim

thanks you so much
just what I needed

• http://www.tonygines.com/ Tony

This is great for getting a better handle on your illustrator program. Great techniques.

• http://www.honourchick.com Honour Chick

great tutorial… :)

• http://ja.rafi.pl RAFi

Great job!

• http://www.zenelements.co.uk/blog/ Alex Mitchell

I never thought to create something like this in illustartor (..I’d probably try a RL spirograph, scanning it in..) and for the process to be as straight forward either. Fantastic tutorial!

Thank you.

• http://photoshopmagazine.blogspot.com/ moih60

really great technique .thats amazing to do such work with illustrator THANX

• http://www.letitbeknown.dk Bendsen

When talking about spirographs, i want to share a quick tool tip, i don’t think is very known. By holding down the ` key, while drawing an object, you can create a quick spirograph. Check the link for further info.

http://www.design.iastate.edu/LABS/tutorials/illustrator/illtut0003.html#

(the key may vary on keyboards with “other” nationality, then english. I have a danish, so it took a while to figure out) ^^

Enjoy!

• Jonathan

This is pretty neat.

Another quick way to make cool spirograph designs is to hold down the tilde key (upper left corner under the escape key on Mac) while you draw a shape.

Credit for this tip goes to this website…
http://thegraphicmac.com/use-tilde-create-outrageous-illustrator-patterns-and-shapes

• Cristofani

This is so neat! Thanks a lot (and I mean really A LOT) for this tip. This shortcut creates some amazing material!

• Nina

I have a norwegian keyboard. What was your secret for the danish one? Tried the ^ key, wasn’t sure if you meant that one..

• Zenit

The tehniques are good, but this tutorial looks very much like this one, made by deke:

This tut it’s not original. sorry!

• Jonathan

@Bendsen- I completely missed your post right above mine. 8)

• ambientdream

i wonder why the control panel for anchor point didnt appeared even though I only selected partial anchor point. :\

• Jefferson Dias

Hey !! Very useful when trying to do something different !!

Totally great !

Thanks.

Keep it up the good work !

• Jeff

These are beautiful! But is step 1 of Design 3 correct? I used the settings shown to make the seven-pointed star (Radius1=25, Radius2=75), and it doesn’t look like the guide star you show in the next step. It is very pointy, with long arms. If I change Radius1 to 50, then I get something close to the guide that you show, with shorter and broader arms. Thanks for posting this! I learned a lot.

• http://www.letitbeknown.dk bendsen

@Jonathan- hehe, it just proves the greatness of the tip ;)

@Nina- well, it’s kinda tricky. On my danish keyboard it’s the æ key, but i don’t assume that there even is a æ key in norway ^^ any how, the æ key is placed closed to the ^ key, so i figure you just should hammer a bit on your keyboard while drawing a shape until you’re succesful ;)

• jerry

Great tutorial. Thanks very much!

• http://parisvega.com Paris Vega

I”ve never touched Transform Each. What a handy little tool. Thanks for pointing it out.

• gautruc

Good.Thanks!

great tutorial

reaaaly interesting, because I have the one to do with pen, its really cool, i like it!!!

• http://santiagocerro.110mb.com/Portfolio/index.html Greta Gavatar

Very Nice work and creative out of a simple geometry.

• Luiza

Wow, that’s awesome! Thanks.

• Alexei

Simple, quick and great effect. Thanks for the tut!

• http://---- Klaudia K

I can not even make the star because I can not find that little window where you can put how many points you want! and the same with the ellipse and the rest, how can I see them?
and besides when I tried the first one, I could manage to draw the rest, but when I make a blick out of the draw, I can not see the inner circle made by the shapes, like if each elipse had a white background that covers the background of the one bellow, then I can not see any nice sphirograph effect! please help!!!

• Pingback: Spirograph Designs Tutorial

• Dybiosh

Klaudia K – if you want to get this window in which you can specify exact dimensions of star/square/circle/whatever just CLICK on artboard, don’t CLICK & DRAG, just single click with left mouse button.

For your second problem try FILL COLOR – turn it to none. If you don’t know how where to find this switch check this out:
http://iit.bloomu.edu/multimedia/illustrator/illustrator/toolbar.htm

• http://www.cgpersian.com mgh

thanks very good

• Andres032303

Thanks!!
very simple and Good!! great tutorial!! =)

• Thoams

Fun tutorial. If anyone wants to get really into spirograph vectors, you should try Excentro. Its a separate piece of software that exports to .ai.

• kks

how in the hell do you create on

• ha…

• http://katesteeth.co.uk/ Katesteeth

this is brill-eee-ant. very good tutorial – simple to follow A+

• charlie

what program are you using to do this? i would like to know

• http://bucketothought.com/loungekat/blog/ LoungeKat

• kishore kumar

its is a very useful tutorial.thank you so much.

• Heather

THANK YOU SO MUCH!! Much simpler than I thought it would be. A client requested a Spirograph design, and wasn’t too sure how to go about it. I think I’ll definitely be able to tweak this enough to get it right for her! Thank you!

• shirley

it’s Rhiannon it’s amazing incredabul and awesomeness

• Bruce Lee

Wowwww! Thank you so much! More please! :)